Research Question 2: What key technologies are missing from our list?


Instructions: Please use these prompts to help you consider what might need to be added to the current list of Horizon Topics. Add your thoughts as bullet points below, using a new bullet point for each new technology or topic. Please add your comments to previous entries if you agree or disagree.
a. What would you list among the established technologies that some educational institutions are using today that arguably ALL institutions should using broadly to support or enhance teaching, learning, or creative inquiry?
b. What technologies that have a solid user base in consumer, entertainment, or other industries should educational institutions be actively looking for ways to apply?
c. What are the key emerging technologies you see developing to the point that learning-focused institutions should begin to take notice during the next 4 to 5 years?

Each new topic entry must include a title, a description similar to the ones that are written now, and, if needed, a rationale as to why it is different from any of the existing topics. The Horizon Project research team will investigate each nomination entered here to see if it meets the criteria set for new topics (eg., that the topic represents a "real" technology, as opposed to a concept, a new idea, or a proposal; that it is sufficiently developed that research, projects, and information about it exist; and that it has a demonstrable link, or strong potential link, to education).

Please "sign" your contributions by marking them with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row so that we can follow up with you if we need additional information or leads to examples.
  • Open Source - related to Open Content and Cloud Computing. Open Source still stands alone with power to influence and shape the evolving learning possibilities. K-12 Open Source Community > > - judy.oconnell judy.oconnell Open Source Software is impacting K-12 at multiple levels--from administrative computing to desktop/laptop deployment initiatives (Linux) to desktop applications to learning programming.- steve.hargadon steve.hargadon Feb 9, 2010
  • Online Notetaking: Not sure if this would qualify, but what about tools like Evernote that allow for content to be captured and synched among a number of different devices? Zotero, wouldZoho, Google Docs are others with similar capabilities. - will.richardson will.richardson Feb 5, 2010
  • I would add onto this and say that the Internet is changing the way we do research. It is becoming a social activity. More and more you find resources by who you are connected to and what they tagged and who they are connected to. Would add Diigo to the list above. Starting to see platforms utilzing social networking tools (i.e. Eduify uses Facebook as a platform to deliver an online writing help desk to students). I think this trend will grow. - tammy.stephens tammy.stephens Feb 5, 2010
  • How about learning management systems? Althought we have a way to go, a true learning management system centered around the student and perhaps the personal learning environment (PLE) mentioned elsewhere in this wiki could completely change how a student "goes to school".- jeffrey.bajgot jeffrey.bajgot Feb 6, 2010
  • Learning Management Systems will change where we educate, when we educate, and who collaborates on learning. - dan.phelan dan.phelan Feb 7, 2010 I second this one!- jeffrey.bajgot jeffrey.bajgot Feb 8, 2010 I agree - but include other terms that overlap, eg learning platforms, virtual learning environments. These are taking off in Europe and seem, if effectively introduced and well used, to have a transformational role. - roger.blamire roger.blamire Feb 9, 2010 I think it's the confluence of Learning Management Systems and social/educational networking that will ultimately be the story. - steve.hargadon steve.hargadon Feb 9, 2010
  • Portable, Dynamic Learner Models. I agree that "next gerneration" (or maybe two generations) learning management systems that incorporate robust and portable learner models can be huge. But it is the Portable Learner Model that is transformational. It could live in the cloud and be accessed by individuals and/or institutions as needed. See my comments on Personal Learning Environments and Digital Identity for more thoughts on it.- chris.brown chris.brown Feb 8, 2010
  • Hybrid Learning- The blending of traditional face-to-face instruction and online learning environments - tammy.stephens tammy.stephens Feb 5, 2010
  • Virtual Classroom Environments: Tools like Elluminate and others that create multitasked virtual classrooms for many students.- will.richardson will.richardson Feb 6, 2010 I would add that I think it's cross-cultural communication and collaboration (like the eTwinning program in Europe or the Flat Classrooms Project by Julie Lindsay and Vicki Davis) that will be significant - steve.hargadon steve.hargadon Feb 9, 2010
  • Cross-border tutoring. This is becoming well-established in some places. Need help with your math? Go online (and via Skype) and communicate with your own personal tutor -- who may be much better qualified than your teacher! We already see 'out-sourcing' of tutoring of this sort from the United States and Canada to places like India and South Korea in variety of topics, but especially in math and foreign language instruction. - michael.trucano michael.trucano Feb 8, 2010
  • Teachers (and students) as micro-businesses. We are already starting to see disruptions in some educational environments (admittedly small ones for now) with teachers starting to sell their presentations, lecture notes, curriculum plans, etc. to other teachers. Who owns the rights to IP created by teachers and students in the course of their learning? Can teachers (for example) make money from such activities? These are emerging policy questions that will confront senior decisionmakers in many places in the coming years. There has been a thriving market for sermons in many countries (and of course sharing of sermons has a long history in the church); analogies can be drawn with the dissemination of lecture notes. etc. by teachers going forward. The Teaching Company has made available the lectures of the 'best teachers' in audio format -- the web, and markets like eBay, democratizes such activities. - michael.trucano michael.trucano Feb 8, 2010
  • Plagiarism -- and plagiarism detection. I thought there would be scope for this under the 'new scholarship' topic, but it doesn't look like it, so I thought I'd add it here. Schools in developed countries are well aware of the phenomenon of online paper mills (and things designed to combat such activity, like TurnItIn). Cut-and-paste continues to fundamentally challenge our notions of what collaboration and 'cheating' might be, and lines will continue to blur. As educational opportunities (through online learning, etc.) gradually erode physical borders (between school districts, states, countries) different attitudes toward, and responses to, 'plagiarism' will become even more acute. And, as concepts of 'digital concierges' (especially where 'rich' communities can be in closer contact with educated by comparatively 'poorer' communities) expand, the phenomenon of bespoke plagiarism (hiring someone remotely to write your paper for you, even take your test for you) will only increase. - michael.trucano michael.trucano Feb 8, 2010 And will access to the internet during exams, which is just beginning to be tried, lead to a different take on plagiarism? All that's required is citing references.- Gavin Gavin Feb 8, 2010
  • Maybe a gimmick but 3D interactive whiteboards, actually IWBs with 3D glasses, are surely on the horizon. I think there was a company at BETT in London showing something along these lines, but that was more a 3D screen (already covered). - roger.blamire roger.blamire
  • Self-managed Student Portfolios. While many folks are trying to create top-down, pre-defined portfolio software, the bottoms-up nature of the Web leads me to think that students (and their parents) will want to be able to manage their own portfolio, picking and choosing what to use to represent themselves, and to have that space be their primary representation of themselves to higher ed and the world. - steve.hargadon steve.hargadon Feb 9, 2010
  • Web 2.0 Expanded. I'm interested in the aggregate impact of Web 2.0 tools to allow for active participation, and even organization, by students in activities that have not traditionally been a part of school but are certainly a part of learning. In the "long tail" world of Web 2.0 they can create a website, blog, wiki, community, or other means of engaging around an idea, a topic, or an area of interest. We often pay attention to this on the political level, but when students can now work on projects that live beyond their participation or define their life work, what kind of apprenticeship systems will start to build to help them do this.- steve.hargadon steve.hargadon Feb 9, 2010
  • Portals. Many schools systems are working on developing portals with roles for students, teachers, administrators, parents, public, etc. This would provide 'applets' and access to information relavant to the portal user. This also may be used to deliver content through subscriptions or perhaps an RSS feed.- jeffrey.bajgot jeffrey.bajgot Feb 9, 2010